Istanbul – A city on two continents
Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and one of the largest cities in Europe with around 16 million inhabitants. It is also the capital of the province which carries the same name, one of the 81 into which Turkey is divided.
Istanbul is divided into two parts by the Bosporus Strait, one belonging to Europe and the other one to Asia. Its prodigious history and constant economic activity are due to its strategic position, between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, and between Europe and Asia. Until the year 330 it was called Byzantium, and then took the name of Constantinople until 1453. Its current name, Istanbul, was granted to it on March 28, 1930. Istanbul was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire and Ottoman Empire. When the Republic was proclaimed on 29 October 1923, the capital became Ankara. The vast majority of the population is Muslim, with Christian and Jewish minorities. Furthermore, it is the seat of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, head of the Orthodox Church. In 1985 it was declared a World Heritage Site.
Organized tours in Istanbul
- Group tour with a tour guide in English: 30 euros per person;
- Private tour with a tour guide in English: 100 euros for 1 person (60 euros per person in case of 2 people).